Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the colon and rectum. It occurs when abnormal cells in the colon or rectum begin to grow and multiply uncontrollably, forming a tumor. Over time, these cancerous cells can spread to other body parts if left untreated.
Colon cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, with an estimated 104,270 new cases in the United States in 2021. It is more commonly diagnosed in people over 50 but can occur at any age.
Risk factors for colon cancer include:
- A family history of colon cancer or polyps.
- A personal history of inflammatory bowel disease.
- Certain genetic conditions.
Lifestyle factors such as a diet high in red and processed meats, low physical activity levels, and smoking can also increase the risk of developing colon cancer.
Symptoms of colon cancer may include changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain or cramping, and unintended weight loss. However, many people with colon cancer may not experience symptoms, which is why routine screenings are important.
Screening for colon cancer typically involves a colonoscopy, a procedure in which a flexible tube with a camera on the end is inserted into the rectum and colon to look for abnormalities or polyps. Other screening options include stool-based tests or virtual colonoscopies.
Treatment for colon cancer varies depending on the stage and location of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health and medical history. Surgery to remove the tumor is often the first line of treatment, followed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. In some cases, targeted therapy may also be used to target specific genes or proteins involved in the cancer’s growth and spread.
At CoreMed Plus, we offer comprehensive screening and diagnostic services for colon cancer. Our healthcare professionals work with each patient to determine the most appropriate screening schedule based on their risk factors and medical history. We also provide follow-up diagnostic services, including colonoscopies and biopsies, to evaluate any abnormal findings promptly.
By choosing CoreMed Plus for colon cancer screening and treatment, patients can take an active role in their healthcare and ensure they receive the most comprehensive and advanced services available. Our team is dedicated to providing the highest quality care to patients and helping them maintain optimal health throughout their lives.