Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It typically develops slowly over many years and is often preceded by a precancerous condition called cervical dysplasia.
Most cervical cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted infection. Other risk factors for cervical cancer include smoking, having a weakened immune system, and having a family history of the disease.
Cervical cancer often has no symptoms in its early stages, so regular cervical cancer screenings are essential. When symptoms do occur, they may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, including bleeding between periods, after sex, or after menopause, as well as pelvic pain or discomfort during sex.
If cervical cancer is suspected, a healthcare provider may perform a pelvic exam, which involves examining the cervix and surrounding tissues for abnormalities. They may also perform a Pap test, which involves collecting cells from the cervix and analyzing them under a microscope for abnormal changes. If these tests suggest the presence of cancer, further tests, such as a biopsy, may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment for cervical cancer depends on the stage and extent of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health and preferences. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination.
Cervical cancer prevention includes getting the HPV vaccine, practicing safe sex, and regular cervical cancer screenings. The American Cancer Society recommends that women aged 25-65 get a Pap test every three years or a combination of a Pap test and an HPV test every five years. Women aged 21-24 should get a Pap test every three years.
Women over the age of 65 who have had regular screenings in the past and are not at high risk for cervical cancer may be able to stop screening.
At CoreMed Plus, we offer a range of cervical cancer screening services, including Pap tests and HPV testing. Our healthcare providers work closely with patients to determine the appropriate screening schedule based on age, risk factors, and personal preferences. We also provide comprehensive education and support to help women prevent and detect cervical cancer early.